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History[ edit ] Opposition to introduction[ edit ] Even though the state-controlled South African Broadcasting Corporation SABC had a virtual monopoly on radio broadcasting, it also saw the new medium as a threat to Afrikaans and the Afrikaner volk, giving undue prominence to English , and creating unfair competition for the Afrikaans press. The government has to watch for any dangers to the people, both spiritual and physical. Albert Hertzog , Minister for Posts and Telegraphs at the time, said that TV would come to South Africa "over [his] dead body,"  denouncing it as "only a miniature bioscope which is being carried into the house and over which parents have no control.
While it only ran for eighteen months, the radio series proved highly popular. Initially, the proposal was for two television channels, one in English and Afrikaans, aimed at white audiences, and another, known as TV Bantu, aimed at black viewers. Zanzibar in Tanzania introduced the first such service in , although Tanzania itself did not establish a television service until the early s, concerned about the expense and perceived threat to cultural norms.
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It also became available in Walvis Bay , an enclave of South Africa in Namibia , which was itself then under South African administration , with a live feed of the channel broadcast via Intelsat being retransmitted on a local low-power repeater. Die Man van Staal  and Beverly Hills, Place of Gold , was shown in 43 African countries, and was even exported to Venezuela , where it was dubbed in Spanish.
Two years later the SABC launched its ill-fated satellite channels , AstraPlus and AstraSport which were intended to catapult the corporation into the Pay TV market called AstraSat but a lack of financial backers and initial insistence on using analogue technology as opposed to digital technology resulted in failure.
CNBC Africa competes with Summit, a business television station owned by media group Avusa , which broadcasts only during evening prime time. Both stations are available only on the MultiChoice direct-to-home platform, although the inclusion of CNBC Africa in the offering of new satellite players seems a near certainty. In November regulators announced the award of four new broadcast licences after a process that saw 18 applications.
The successful applicants were Walking on Water, a dedicated Christian service, On Digital Media , a broad-spectrum entertainment offering, e.
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The MultiChoice licence was renewed at the same time. Telkom Media, which was also granted an IPTV licence, decided in April not to pursue the launch of television services as its parent company Telkom did not believe adequate investment returns could be achieved, ad was liquidated.
TopTV would offer a total of 55 channels with 25 channels in its basic offering. The impulse for this form of television in South Africa arose from a desire to overcome the divisions and imbalances in broadcasting resulting from apartheid. An important conference held in the Netherlands in saw a broad range of NGOs and Community Groups resolve that the full diversity of the country should be expressed in its broadcasting.
Subseqently, community television was introduced to South Africa by legislation known as the Independent Broadcasting Authority Act of While many community radio stations sprang up from that time, initially in Durban and Cape Town,  community television was enabled only for temporary event licences of up to four weeks in duration.
It was only after the national broadcasting regulator, the Independent Communications Authority of South Africa ICASA , promulgated its position paper on community television in , that longer term licences of up to one year were enabled.
The station serves the southern Johannesburg region and principally Soweto , it is also available by satellite on the MultiChoice platform. The second community television licence was Cape Town TV , first licensed in The station serves the greater Cape Town metro. It broadcasts locally in Cape Town on two analogue frequencies from a transmitter on the Tygerberg site and is also carried nationally throughout South Africa and Lesotho on the DStv pay-TV platform.
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In there are five licensed community TV broadcasters in South Africa. In these channels collectively reached an audience of around 12 million  viewers and all are carried both terrestrially on local analogue frequencies as well as nationally on pay-TV platforms, principally DStv. Digital technology[ edit ] The first digital television implementation in South Africa was a satellite-based system launched by pay-TV operator MultiChoice in The timetable is phased as follows  which is a delay of 4 years from the original one proposed: Other Technologies[ edit ] There are no cable television networks in South Africa, because maintaining a cable network is expensive due to the need to cover larger and more sparsely populated areas.